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Different Types of Roof Shingles: What You Need to Know

Updated: Oct 17, 2023

Shinle Materials

When it comes to home construction or renovation, one of the most critical decisions you'll make is the type of roof shingles to install. Why? Because your choice can greatly affect both the longevity and aesthetics of your home. At Jenco Construction, we understand how crucial this choice is, which is why we've put together this comprehensive guide to help you navigate the different types of roof shingles available. Whether you're building a new home or updating your current one, this guide will give you the insights you need to make an informed decision.

Why Roof Shingles Matter

You might wonder, "Why are shingles so important?" The answer is straightforward: Roof shingles serve multiple functions beyond just looking good. They're the outer layer that stands between your home and environmental elements like rain, snow, and wind. High-quality shingles can even offer enhanced energy efficiency, keeping your home cool in the summer and warm in the winter. Plus, when it comes to residential construction, shingles are the most popular choice for roofing material, providing a balance between cost and durability.

Factors to Consider When Choosing Roof Shingles

Choosing the right type of shingle is not just about picking the first one that catches your eye. It's about considering various factors like durability, the architectural style of your home, and of course, your budget. At Jenco Construction, we often remind our clients that the price point should not be the sole consideration. Investing in quality roofing materials can save you from frequent maintenance and replacements down the line.

Types of Asphalt Shingles

Having covered the basics and common materials used for roofing, let's now zoom in on asphalt shingles—a roofing material we at Jenco Construction particularly recommend due to its blend of cost-effectiveness and durability. There are various types of asphalt shingles, each with its own set of features and benefits.

3-Tab Shingles

3-tab shingles are among the most affordable options you'll find in the market. They consist of a single layer of material and are named "3-tab" due to their cutouts that make them appear as three separate pieces. These shingles are lightweight and relatively easy to install. However, they do have a shorter lifespan compared to other shingle types, typically lasting around 20 to 30 years with proper maintenance. If you're on a tight budget but still want a reliable roofing solution, 3-tab shingles can be a good choice.

Architectural Shingles

Also known as dimensional shingles, architectural shingles offer a more sophisticated look compared to 3-tab shingles. They are multi-layered, which not only adds depth and dimension to your roof but also enhances durability. While architectural shingles can be pricier than 3-tab options, they can last up to 30 years or more, making them a good investment for those who plan to stay in their homes for an extended period.

Specialized Shingles

Beyond the standard types, there are also specialized shingles designed to meet specific needs. For instance, some shingles are crafted to be fire resistant, while others offer improved impact resistance against hail and other weather conditions. These shingles may come at a higher price point but provide added peace of mind knowing that your home has an extra layer of protection.

Making the Right Choice

Choosing the right roofing material and shingle type is no small feat. From durability and lifespan to aesthetic appeal, there are numerous factors to consider. We understand it's easy to feel overwhelmed by the abundance of choices, and that’s why we at Jenco Construction are committed to making this process as seamless as possible for you.

In this final section, we'll recap the essential points you need to know when making this crucial decision:

  1. Assess Your Needs: What are your top priorities? Are you looking for longevity, aesthetics, or perhaps a combination of both? Make a list of what you consider non-negotiable and what you can compromise on.

  2. Set a Budget: While we all want the best for our homes, it's crucial to work within a financial plan. Different shingle types come at various price points, so understanding your budget will help you narrow down the options.

  3. Consider the Environment: Your geographical location and the weather conditions it experiences are important. If you're in an area prone to high winds, fires, or hail, consider specialized shingles that offer fire or impact resistance.

  4. Consult with Experts: Don’t hesitate to seek professional advice. At Jenco Construction, we offer personalized consultations to help you weigh your options and make an informed choice.

  5. Look to the Future: Think about how long you plan to stay in your home. Investing in high-quality, durable shingles can pay off in the long run if you plan to live in the house for an extended period.


Your home deserves nothing but the best, and at Jenco Construction, we're here to help make that a reality. If you have any more questions or need expert advice on choosing the perfect types of roof shingles for your project, feel free to contact us for a personalized consultation. We look forward to assisting you in making your dream home come true!

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